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不锈钢管厂设备年修工程标准化管理 

发布时(shi)间:2021-04-07

不(bu)锈钢(gang)管厂的生产经营活动离不开相关设备的支(zhi)持,要想保证不锈钢管(guan)厂的生产加工效率,就必须在设备使用的过程中遵循(xun)科学合(he)理的原则(ze);其次(ci),相关单位还需要结合(he)其实际(ji)使用情(qing)况制定(ding)合(he)理的设备检修管理模式,从(cong)而保证设备能(neng)够正常运转。本文结合(he)不锈钢管厂设备(bei)年(nian)修的相关经验,从年(nian)修前期(qi)准备(bei)以及过程管理两(liang)个方(fang)面展开分析(xi),仅供参考。

随(sui)着生产(chan)水平的不断提高,不锈钢管厂的设备也在不(bu)断的更(geng)新换(huan)代(dai),现如(ru)今(jin)不锈钢管(guan)厂使用的(de)(de)(de)(de)设(she)备(bei)(bei)不仅(jin)自动化(hua)程度(du)高,而且十分(fen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)精密,为了保(bao)证设(she)备(bei)(bei)能够有序运(yun)转,就(jiu)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)相关(guan)单位制定科(ke)学合理的(de)(de)(de)(de)维修策略。在(zai)设(she)备(bei)(bei)运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)期(qi)(qi)间,安排专业的(de)(de)(de)(de)检(jian)(jian)修人员有计划的(de)(de)(de)(de)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)检(jian)(jian)查,是确保(bao)设(she)备(bei)(bei)正常运(yun)行(xing)(xing)(xing)的(de)(de)(de)(de)重要(yao)保(bao)证,做(zuo)好(hao)检(jian)(jian)查与维修工(gong)作(zuo)还(hai)能够使设(she)备(bei)(bei)的(de)(de)(de)(de)使用年(nian)(nian)(nian)限延长。在(zai)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)维修前,需(xu)(xu)要(yao)相关(guan)人员进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)充分(fen)的(de)(de)(de)(de)准备(bei)(bei),避免因管理不到位而导致维修工(gong)作(zuo)质量下降。常见(jian)的(de)(de)(de)(de)维修工(gong)作(zuo)按照(zhao)时间的(de)(de)(de)(de)不同大致可分(fen)为三种,即日修、定修、年(nian)(nian)(nian)修。年(nian)(nian)(nian)修具(ju)有投入人力、物力多且规模(mo)大的(de)(de)(de)(de)特(te)点(dian),因此不仅(jin)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)做(zuo)好(hao)前期(qi)(qi)准备(bei)(bei),还(hai)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)在(zai)施工(gong)过程中(zhong)多加注(zhu)意,从而保(bao)证检(jian)(jian)修工(gong)作(zuo)能够顺利完成。

1年修工程前期(qi)准备

年修(xiu)工作(zuo)是否能够(gou)顺(shun)利完成,在很大程度(du)上受到了前期(qi)(qi)准备工作(zuo)的影响,在前期(qi)(qi)准备环节(jie),相(xiang)关企(qi)业(ye)需要(yao)从人员、方(fang)案、物料等(deng)多(duo)个方(fang)面入手,不(bu)仅涉及内容多(duo)而且时间紧(jin)迫,为了保证年修(xiu)工作(zuo)能够(gou)顺(shun)利进行,各单位(wei)需要(yao)提(ti)前10个(ge)月进(jin)行准备,并(bing)且确保每一个(ge)阶段的准备工(gong)作都能够顺利完成。

在(zai)年修(xiu)工作开展前(qian)10个月的(de)(de)时候(hou),就需(xu)要(yao)设(she)备管理(li)部门制定相(xiang)应(ying)的(de)(de)检(jian)修(xiu)计划,在(zai)计划中要(yao)规定具体(ti)检(jian)修(xiu)时间、检(jian)修(xiu)时长以及检(jian)修(xiu)范围,在(zai)此阶段还(hai)需(xu)要(yao)相(xiang)关部门梳(shu)理(li)出存在(zai)问题(ti)并可能影响生产(chan)效率的(de)(de)设(she)备。在(zai)年修(xiu)工作(zuo)开展前9个月(yue),设备管理(li)部(bu)门(men)主要的(de)工(gong)作任务(wu)是(shi),对于技术难(nan)度较大以(yi)及检修(xiu)(xiu)方案较为复杂的(de)项目(mu)进行再次确定(ding),并且(qie)还(hai)需要确定(ding)出检修(xiu)(xiu)工(gong)作的(de)负责人。在检修(xiu)(xiu)前8个月需要(yao)对检修(xiu)计划、物资采购单进(jin)行审核,确定无(wu)误之后(hou)需要(yao)安排专人进(jin)行采购。在年修(xiu)开始前(qian)7个(ge)月,需要设备管理部门依(yi)据此(ci)前制定的计(ji)划确定重点(dian)检修项(xiang)(xiang)目,并(bing)且(qie)对常规项(xiang)(xiang)目进(jin)行立项(xiang)(xiang)。年修工作开展前5~6个月的(de)时(shi)候,需要相关部门对(dui)常规项目进行审定(ding),并且讨论(lun)具体(ti)的(de)停开机(ji)时(shi)间。在年修工作开展前3~4个月,需(xu)(xu)(xu)要相关(guan)部门(men)(men)对(dui)维修(xiu)(xiu)风(feng)(feng)险较(jiao)高的(de)项目进(jin)行再次讨(tao)论,确定(ding)其具(ju)体(ti)的(de)风(feng)(feng)险等(deng)(deng)级以及安(an)全控(kong)制(zhi)措施。为了(le)保证检修(xiu)(xiu)工作的(de)顺利进(jin)行,还(hai)需(xu)(xu)(xu)要成(cheng)(cheng)立指挥(hui)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu),小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)员需(xu)(xu)(xu)要由技术部门(men)(men)、生产部门(men)(men)、运(yun)输部门(men)(men)、检修(xiu)(xiu)部门(men)(men)等(deng)(deng)各部门(men)(men)成(cheng)(cheng)员共同组(zu)(zu)成(cheng)(cheng)。除此之外,还(hai)需(xu)(xu)(xu)要指挥(hui)小(xiao)组(zu)(zu)召开(kai)推进(jin)会,确定(ding)物资采购是否完成(cheng)(cheng),落实各检修(xiu)(xiu)物资的(de)到厂时间。在开(kai)始检修(xiu)(xiu)前1~2个月,需(xu)要指挥(hui)小(xiao)组(zu)落实设(she)备(bei)的(de)停机时间以及恢复生产的(de)时间,并且安(an)(an)排专人(ren)到现场进行检查(cha),确认(ren)各项准(zhun)备(bei)工作(zuo)是否顺利(li)完成。同时,为(wei)了保证年(nian)修工程(cheng)的(de)安(an)(an)全性,需(xu)要组(zu)织工作(zuo)人(ren)员进行必要的(de)安(an)(an)全培(pei)训,做好安(an)(an)全管理(li)工作(zuo)。技(ji)术小(xiao)组(zu)需(xu)要对(dui)检修方(fang)案进行最终的(de)检查(cha),确保各项手续和资料(liao)准(zhun)备(bei)齐全。在年(nian)修工作(zuo)开展前1周,需要(yao)指(zhi)挥小组召开年修(xiu)工作会,对各项工作进行最终的确认检查,确保前期准备工作落实到位。

2年修工程(cheng)过程(cheng)管(guan)理

想要(yao)保证年修工程顺利进行,除了要(yao)做好前(qian)期准备(bei)外,过(guo)程管理也十分重要(yao),在(zai)检修过(guo)程中做好监督管理工作,能够有(you)效提(ti)升检修工作的质量,保证各类设备(bei)的现存问(wen)题能够被及时发现明。

在(zai)(zai)年修(xiu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)期间(jian),最重要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)的(de)就是要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)做好安(an)全(quan)管(guan)理工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),为了保证检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)人(ren)员的(de)安(an)全(quan),不论(lun)是何(he)种(zhong)设备在(zai)(zai)检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)前都(dou)需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)切断电(dian)源,确(que)保其动力开关(guan)(guan)以(yi)及能(neng)源阀(fa)门关(guan)(guan)闭,防止其在(zai)(zai)检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)期间(jian)突然运行(xing)(xing)(xing),从而(er)对检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)人(ren)员造成(cheng)伤害。除了需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)做好安(an)全(quan)管(guan)理工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)外,在(zai)(zai)检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)过(guo)程(cheng)中还(hai)(hai)需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)质量控制工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),对于(yu)任何(he)一(yi)个检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)流(liu)程(cheng)都(dou)要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)严格(ge)的(de)检(jian)(jian)查(cha),确(que)保其质量过(guo)关(guan)(guan)后才可(ke)(ke)(ke)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)下一(yi)步工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)。只有对每(mei)一(yi)个检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)环节都(dou)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)严格(ge)的(de)检(jian)(jian)查(cha),才能(neng)够确(que)保各类(lei)设备的(de)问题能(neng)够被全(quan)部(bu)找出并妥善解决,只有这样当设备投入(ru)生产后才可(ke)(ke)(ke)正(zheng)常(chang)运转(zhuan)。当项目基(ji)本(ben)完成(cheng)后,需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)做好交接工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo),相(xiang)关(guan)(guan)人(ren)员应当对施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)现(xian)场(chang)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)清理后再签署检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)交工(gong)(gong)(gong)证,同时还(hai)(hai)需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)操作(zuo)(zuo)方(fang)(fang)、点检(jian)(jian)方(fang)(fang)以(yi)及检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)方(fang)(fang)三方(fang)(fang)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)确(que)认,三方(fang)(fang)均(jun)确(que)认无误后施(shi)工(gong)(gong)(gong)人(ren)员才可(ke)(ke)(ke)撤离(li)现(xian)场(chang)。检(jian)(jian)修(xiu)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)(zuo)基(ji)本(ben)完成(cheng)之后,相(xiang)关(guan)(guan)人(ren)员还(hai)(hai)需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)设备调(diao)试(shi)(shi),对每(mei)一(yi)台设备能(neng)否正(zheng)常(chang)运转(zhuan)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)严格(ge)的(de)检(jian)(jian)查(cha),判(pan)定合格(ge)之后才可(ke)(ke)(ke)以(yi)投入(ru)使用(yong)。如果在(zai)(zai)调(diao)试(shi)(shi)期间(jian)发(fa)现(xian)设备仍存在(zai)(zai)问题,就需要(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)(yao)进(jin)(jin)行(xing)(xing)(xing)返工(gong)(gong)(gong),确(que)保再次(ci)调(diao)试(shi)(shi)合格(ge)之后才可(ke)(ke)(ke)继续使用(yong)。

在(zai)年(nian)(nian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)程(cheng)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)期间(jian)(jian),为(wei)了(le)保证检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)顺利进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing),企业还(hai)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)召开(kai)必要(yao)(yao)的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)会(hui)(hui),其中(zhong)(zhong)年(nian)(nian)修中(zhong)(zhong)间(jian)(jian)会(hui)(hui)是需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)每天(tian)召开(kai)的(de)(de)(de),需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)各部门领导组织开(kai)展,主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)目的(de)(de)(de)就是为(wei)了(le)对前(qian)一(yi)天(tian)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修过(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)存在(zai)的(de)(de)(de)问(wen)题(ti)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)总(zong)(zong)结,并(bing)且(qie)对接下来的(de)(de)(de)工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)安排,此(ci)(ci)类会(hui)(hui)议(yi)(yi)应力求简洁高效(xiao)。除(chu)此(ci)(ci)之(zhi)外(wai),在(zai)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修过(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)还(hai)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)召开(kai)年(nian)(nian)修指挥部会(hui)(hui)议(yi)(yi),此(ci)(ci)类会(hui)(hui)议(yi)(yi)由总(zong)(zong)指挥组召开(kai),具体的(de)(de)(de)开(kai)会(hui)(hui)时间(jian)(jian)由检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)总(zong)(zong)指挥结合实际检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修状况进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)确定,会(hui)(hui)议(yi)(yi)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)各项目小组的(de)(de)(de)负责人(ren)参加,主(zhu)要(yao)(yao)是检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)查整体施工(gong)(gong)(gong)进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)以及通报检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修过(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)的(de)(de)(de)各类问(wen)题(ti)。除(chu)了(le)年(nian)(nian)修中(zhong)(zhong)间(jian)(jian)会(hui)(hui)是需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)每天(tian)召开(kai)之(zhi)外(wai),其他的(de)(de)(de)会(hui)(hui)议(yi)(yi)可根据实际检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修情(qing)况确定是否开(kai)展。在(zai)会(hui)(hui)议(yi)(yi)过(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong)除(chu)了(le)要(yao)(yao)陈列问(wen)题(ti)外(wai),还(hai)需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)对此(ci)(ci)段时间(jian)(jian)的(de)(de)(de)检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)总(zong)(zong)结,在(zai)总(zong)(zong)结的(de)(de)(de)过(guo)程(cheng)中(zhong)(zhong),需(xu)(xu)要(yao)(yao)从检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)进(jin)(jin)(jin)度(du)(du)、检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修成本控(kong)制、检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)质量以及检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修安全问(wen)题(ti)等方面(mian)进(jin)(jin)(jin)行(xing)综合考(kao)量,从而不(bu)断提升检(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)(jian)修工(gong)(gong)(gong)作(zuo)的(de)(de)(de)效(xiao)率(lv)明(ming)。

3结语

总(zong)而言之,要想保(bao)证(zheng)不(bu)锈钢管厂生产工作能(neng)够顺利进行,就需要对设(she)备(bei)进行及(ji)时的检修(xiu)(xiu)。对年修(xiu)(xiu)工程实施标准化管理,不仅能(neng)够提升检修(xiu)(xiu)工作的效率,而(er)且还能(neng)够及(ji)时发现并解决设(she)备(bei)存(cun)在的各类问题,避(bi)免因设(she)备(bei)故障问题而(er)对生产经营(ying)活动造成影响,从(cong)而(er)打乱企业的生产计划。

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